Rules of Football Comprehension

Football, also known as soccer, is the world’s most popular sport. It’s important for girls and boys to start kicking a ball when they are very young as it helps with their development, and many children dream of playing at the World Cup when they grow up.

Teams

A football match is played by two teams over two 45 minute halves. Each team starts with a goalkeeper and 10 outfield players. Three substitutes are allowed for injuries or tactical changes.

Goals!

The game begins with the toss of a coin and the winning captain decides which goal to defend or to take the first kick off. All players must use their feet head or chest to play the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands, and only within their goal area which is marked by white lines in a box shape. The aim of the game is to score a goal, which is achieved by kicking or heading the ball into the opposition team’s goal.

Referee and Linesmen

If the ball touches or crosses the side line, it is thrown back in by the team that was not the last to touch the ball. The game is controlled by a central referee, and two linesmen. They award free kicks and penalties when rules are broken. For continual breaking of rules or for a bad foul, the player may be given a yellow card warning. Two yellow cards or a red card means that player is sent off the pitch and the team must play with less people on their side.

Winners

After 90 minutes, the team with the most goals wins. Sometimes, a game will end in a draw, 0-0 or 1-1. League teams get 1 point for a draw or 3 points for a win. In cup competitions, such as the World Cup, draws are often settled by extra time or a penalty shootout.

Reading Comprehension

Now try to answer the questions using full sentences.

1) How long is a standard game of football?

2) Why are substitutes allowed?

3) Which parts of the body can all players use to touch the ball?

4) How does the referee control a game?

5) How are red and yellow cards used?

6) What’s your favourite sport and why?

You can post your answers in the comment section or email Steve@EnglishTeacherOnline.Org