As schools close and the rain continues, English Teacher Online has some useful tips to help us all survive the flood. Students may also find this vocabulary useful for writing their own flood story during this unexpected free time.
Why Does It Flood?
Floods affect us most when large volumes of water due to heavy rain and overflowing rivers spill into the places we live. Floods should never be underestimated as houses, cars, trees and bridges can get washed away by the rising waters.
Floods can come quickly and survival relies on a combination of preparation and action.
Prepare your emergency kit and check the ‘best before date’ replacing any used items.
Know your escape route to higher ground. Never get trapped in a room without a window. If in doubt, get on the roof!
Remember that when you return, you will need to clean up, disinfect and repair your home so it is safe again once the water is gone.
Flood Survival Kit
You will need to make sure your survival kit is up to date and easy to carry. It should contain;
Water for at least 3 days, 4 liters a day per person!
Food for at least 3 days, easy to prepare non-perishable food. If you buy canned food, make sure you have a tin opener!
A multi-purpose tool, such as a Swiss army knife.
Flashlight and batteries, candles and matches or lighters.
Medications – if you have medical needs go to the doctor before the flood and get a new supply of medicine.
Copies of documents, medical information, passport, birth certificates, etc. Put them in a water proof storage box and place it up high!
Cell phone with charger and an extra battery.
Radio and map of the area.
Spare set of house and car keys.
Extra warm clothing and sturdy shoes.
Insect repellent and sunscreen.
Know Your Escape Routes
Understanding the characteristics of a floodplain is very important. It’s easy to forget where things are in a flood! If you can, construct barriers to protect your home and property.
Don’t get trapped in rooms with no escape route, such as those with bars on the window. Plan your way upstairs and onto the roof if necessary. Take a radio with batteries to listen for updates or use your phone to text for an evacuation.
Create a family communication plan, with safe meeting spots that everyone knows. Listen to emergency services as they probably already have a plan for your area.
If you need to move your family to higher ground, leave everything behind and don’t stop to move valuables. Just grab your emergency kit and go with your family knowing you have a good plan.
Keep away from flowing streams and don’t drive through flooded roads – pot holes can develop quickly during floods. Move away from waterways and high risk areas.
What If I Fall In Moving water?
Swim backwards to survive moving water using your feet to push away from floating obstacles. Never go under debris, go over it and keep your head above water!
Try to find something to hold on to, such as a strong branch or roof. Shout for help, it’s easier for rescuers to find you.
Don’t give up until someone comes to get you.
Don’t Take Risks During Floods.
Be aware of gas leaks and electrical wires when you enter any building as there may be unseen damage. Use a flash light and avoid using candles or smoking until all the gas has been turned off.
These tips are not meant to scare you. Listen to the authorities and use common sense to stay away from danger. Be prepared and make a plan with your family.
Stay safe, wait out danger and I’ll see you at school next week!
Please share your flood experiences in the comment section or write a story using the vocabulary above!