Rules of Football Comprehension

Football, also known as soccer, is the world’s most popular sport. It’s important for girls and boys to start kicking a ball when they are very young as it helps with their development, and many children dream of playing at the World Cup when they grow up.


A football match is played by two teams over two 45 minute halves. Each team starts with a goalkeeper and 10 outfield players. Three substitutes are allowed for injuries or tactical changes.


The game begins with the toss of a coin and the winning captain decides which goal to defend or to take the first kick off. All players must use their feet head or chest to play the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands, and only within their goal area which is marked by white lines in a box shape. The aim of the game is to score a goal, which is achieved by kicking or heading the ball into the opposition team’s goal.

Referee and Linesmen

If the ball touches or crosses the side line, it is thrown back in by the team that was not the last to touch the ball. The game is controlled by a central referee, and two linesmen. They award free kicks and penalties when rules are broken. For continual breaking of rules or for a bad foul, the player may be given a yellow card warning. Two yellow cards or a red card means that player is sent off the pitch and the team must play with less people on their side.


After 90 minutes, the team with the most goals wins. Sometimes, a game will end in a draw, 0-0 or 1-1. League teams get 1 point for a draw or 3 points for a win. In cup competitions, such as the World Cup, draws are often settled by extra time or a penalty shootout.

Reading Comprehension

Now try to answer the questions using full sentences.

1) How long is a standard game of football?

2) Why are substitutes allowed?

3) Which parts of the body can all players use to touch the ball?

4) How does the referee control a game?

5) How are red and yellow cards used?

6) What’s your favourite sport and why?

You can post your answers in the comment section or email Steve@EnglishTeacherOnline.Org

Mid Term Reflection of Grade 5

How’s it going?

English Teacher Online takes a break with our mid term reflection of Grade 5 – to help us understand what to do next. Remember our week 0 blog, How to be a Great Student?

Reflection is important because we do not learn from experience alone, but rather we learn from reflecting on those experiences.

As you chill out after finishing your midterm exams, your teachers will also be reflecting on what’s happened so far.

How to Reflect

We have studied so many different things between week 1 and 10, what have you learnt from them?

What was your favourite topic and how could you further your interest in it?

What subject do you not understand or need extra help with?

What do you love most about Grade 5?

How could the school make Grade 5 better?

How could you make Grade 5 better?

Please write your answers in the comment section or email: Steve@EnglishTeacherOnline.Org

Learning from direct experience can be more effective when combined with reflection. We intentionally attempt to synthesize, abstract, and articulate the key lessons taught by experience. Reflection is a powerful mechanism behind learning.